The Department of Physiology was established in 1954 along with the foundation of Kaohsiung Medical College, the predecessor of Kaohsiung Medical University. In 1981 the Graduate Institute of Medicine was also established, which included a Physiology Group. The Group became an independent Graduate Institute of Physiology and Molecular Medicine in 2004, in order to facilitate the integration of research in clinical medicine, molecular biology and physiology. The founding director of the Graduate Institute is Prof. Rei-Cheng Yang (2004-2006). In 2007, the Department and the Graduate Institute merged into the Department of Physiology and Master's Program. In 2015, our Master's Program became Division of Physiology and Molecular Medicine of Graduate Institute of Medicine. The present director is Dr. Tsan-Ju Chen.